Composition is a key aspect to any 2D work and also 3D work. The main purpose of composition is to arrange and place elements to create impact and a point of focus for example. This can be achieved by using certain methods such as the use of colour, light and perspective. It is these essential processes that must be thought out before creating any image, and as a result, is very difficult to master.
An example of composition is this painting created by Frans Hals.
As we can see, the main focal point of the painting is the man leaning back on his chair. the use of colour and lighting has played a big role in bringing out the facial features bringing the person to life in the image.
The foreground of the painting is much brighter and saturated unlike the background which is washed out. This helps to bring out the person from the rest of the painting. Another important factor is the placement of the table/cloth, painting and curtain. Due to the angle of the man leaning on his chair, the top right of the image would overpowering, if it were left with a blank wall.
Another example of setting up composition in an image is by using the rule of thirds or the Golden mean.
The use of thirds has been used to help create a more pleasing image to the viewer. firstly, the contrast in colour is very apparent, however one area to note is how low the road is on the grid. We can see the thought processes that the photographer went through to take this picture. The most obvious thing to see, is the brightness of the background and the contrast with this in the foreground. The foreground in this image is much darker and saturated in colour, which draws the viewers eye towards the foreground.
Another example of composition in digital work is this image below. As we can see, the background is very bright which helps to bring out the contrast of the cassette and tape. Again, the subtle shading of the character on the ground, and the placement of items to the left and behind the character further add to the focal point of the image.
The use of blurring the background to create a sense of depth to the image has also been used.